Want to Boost Test Scores? Stop Misinterpreting Science.

From the  Education Week blog “Inside School Research” on May 25th, 2010 – Want to Boost Test Scores? Try Eating Dirt

 

Summary:

This blog post (sponsored by a leading periodical in K-12 education) attempts to summarize the findings of this study, which found that the ingestion of a common soil bacterium,  Mycobacterium vaccae,  temporarily improved the anxiety levels and maze navigation abilities of a small group of mice. The blog post suggests that school gardening projects may produce a similar effect in small children.

Connections:

The study in question examined both mice that had been injected with dead  Mycobacterium, and mice who had ingested live  Mycobacterium.  Each group of mice experienced some effect, which suggests that the compound or compounds responsible for producing the anxiety-reducing and learning-enhancing effects in mice may be a passive component of the bacterial cell wall, rather than an active mechanism that only functions in live microbes.

Critical Analysis:

This blog post has an extremely misleading title, and the text of the post contains major misinterpretations of the scientific study in question. Though the author attempts to say that the study doesn’t mean that children who eat dirt are smarter, it does imply throughout that consuming certain bacteria can change the base level intelligence of a child.  Clearly, this is an absurd claim, and a misinterpretation of the research. Not only is generalizing small animal studies to humans thoroughly unreasonable, it is also entirely possible that the potential reduction in anxiety experienced by the mice is what contributed to their improved maze navigation, and any anxiety-reducing agent would have had a similar effect.

In a world where a 10 year old’s test scores can determine a teacher’s income, we simply cannot justify misusing microbiology to tell  tired educators that the solution to low test scores is to make students play in the school garden.

Questions:

How can we more effectively communicate the implications of our research to both educators and the public at large?

2 Comments for “Want to Boost Test Scores? Stop Misinterpreting Science.”

emtate

says:

I completely agree with your analysis. I was expecting a completely different article from that title. They seemed to make a very large conclusion on their study that may not even apply. I’d say much more research needs to be done before claims like that could be made. The misleading title makes me doubt the credibility.

I think there are several ways to communicate the implications of our research to everyone. There are several youtube channels that do similar things like this. Just by making their presence as large as possible makes a difference. It could be a topic of debate, a tv commercial, or even talked about in beginning level science classes that everyone has to take.

ancasey

says:

Your analysis of this absurd article is well done. I find it interesting that with most of the articles that people looked at (from skimming through people’s posts), many of them didn’t do a bad job at giving pretty good interpretations of the articles. It almost seems like the author of the article intended to make a paradoxical article, in which they title the article to say not to misinterpret studies, while the paper itself gives way to many misinterpretations.
To me, it almost has the feel of satire worthy of “A Modest Proposal” by Johnathon Swift (in which such a ridiculous proposal to decrease the overpopulation problem is given that people would then come up with their own, better methods). It could be that the point of the article was, in fact, to be so off in its interpretations that people would then start to critically think of not only that, but other articles and papers as well. I can’t say for certain, but if it were the case, it would be quite ingenious.

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