A2: Microbes in the News — How gut bacteria change cancer drug activity
How gut bacteria change cancer drug activity (April 21, 2017)
Source: Medical xpress
University College London (UCL) did a study using Caenorhabditis elegans has a model organism to study the effect of genetics, diet and chemical make up of the gut effect the cancer drug fluoropyrimidines. Fluoropyrimidines is a colorectal cancer drug that kills cancer cells by preventing DNA replication. They used the Caenorhabditis elegans worm because their digestive tract can be a model of human digestive tract. They screened total of 55,000 different conditions and found that certain bacteria in the gut can improve the effectiveness of the drug by assisting in activating the drug as well as allow the body cells to uptake the drug more.
We’ve learned about the natural human flora and how they affect us. This shows an example of how bacteria can affect drugs that we take.
Although the article was interesting and concise, they really did not go into details of the experiment. For example, what sort of conditions did they test exactly.
What conditions did the screen consider? What bacteria exactly? How did the bacteria improve drug intake (Molecular mechanism)?